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Progress toward the Kyoto targets

Greenhouse gases

The changes in the emission of the Danish greenhouse gases are calculated in relation to the emissions in the base year. In accordance with the Kyoto Protocol Denmark’s base year emissions include the emissions of CO2, CH4 and N2O in 1990 in CO2-equivalents and the emissions of HFCs, PFCs and SF6 in 1995 in CO2-equvivalents. In Table 1, the removals by sinks from sequestration due to afforestation since 1990 are included in the net emissions. When reporting to the Climate Convention all CO2 removals by sinks and emissions by sources in the Land-Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) categories are included in the calculation also.

             Table 1 Base
1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Emission and removals, Kyoto-protocol (CO2-equivalents [1000 Gg]) 69.3 79.6 73.4 75.6 79.0 76.3 89.6 79.9 75.9 72.7 68.1 69.6 68.8 74.0 68.0
Changes compared to base year (CO2-equivalents [1000 Gg])   10.3 4.1 6.3 9.7 7.0 20.3 10,6 6.6 3.4 -1.2 0.3 -0.5 4.6 -1.4
Changes compared to base year (%)   15 6 9 14 10 29 15 9 5 -2 0 -1 7 -2

Table 1 shows the Danish emission of greenhouse gases calculated in accordance with the Kyoto Protocol as mentioned above together with the changes compared to the base year emissions. In 2004 Denmark has decreased the emissions by 2%.

According to the EU Burden Sharing Agreement under the Kyoto Protocol Denmark is legally bound to reduce the emissions by 21% calculated on the basis of the base year emissions. However, the basis for Denmark accepting this legal commitment was that the Council and the Commission simultaneously adopted a joint declaration that, when establishing the assigned amounts in 2006, account would be taken of the assumptions regarding the base year which the Member States made in connection with the burden sharing agreement of June 1998. As stated in Denmark’s declaration on the burden sharing agreement of June 1998, Denmark’s assumptions included that the 21 per cent should be regarded in relation to an adjusted base year as the figures for emissions of CO2 in 1990, which Denmark used as a basis, had been adjusted for the extraordinarily large imports of electricity in the base year 1990. Taking this assumption into account Denmark’s assigned amount 2008-2012 corresponds to 59.7 mio. tonnes of CO2 equivalents annually as shown in the table 2. A decision on Denmark’s assigned amount is expected to be taken in 2006.

Table 2
Greenhouse gas Base Year Emissions Units Gg=1000 tonnes.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) 1990 52,712.457 Gg CO2 eq.
Methane (CH4) 1990 5,692.000 Gg CO2 eq.
Nitrous oxide (N2O) 1990 10,593.311 Gg CO2 eq.
Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) 1995 217.728 Gg CO2 eq.
Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) 1995 0.502 Gg CO2 eq.
Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6): 1995 107.338 Gg CO2 eq.
Total   69,323.336 Gg CO2 eq.
Total   69.323336 Million tonnes CO2 eq.
Correction of CO2 emissions in 1990 for electricity import    6.288205 Million tonnes CO2 eq.
Total with CO2 emissions in 1990 corrected for electricity import   75.611541 Million tonnes CO2 eq.
Denmark’s annual assigned amount 2008-12 under the Burden Sharing Agreement (79% of the base year)   59.733117 Million tonnes CO2 eq. per year
Denmark’s total assigned amount 2008-12   298.665587 Million tonnes CO2 eq.



Henrik Bruun


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