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COMETR is a Specific Targeted Research Project (STREP) supported by financing from the EU’s Sixth Framework Programme for Research (FP6). COMETR is coordinated by the Department of Policy Analysis at the National Environmental Research Institute, University of Aarhus in Denmark and has 6 partners. COMETR runs from December 2004 through to May 2007.

The research is relevant for understanding the economic and environmental implications of environmental tax reform, notably carbon-energy taxes.

Credit © European Community, 2004

Carbon-energy taxation contributed to economic growth read more

Carbon-energy taxes: energy-intensive industry faces a modest bill read more

See press release on COMETR results >>

Also in 'Ingeniøren' [in Danish]
Grønne afgifter får økonomien til at vokse


Carbon-energy taxation is a policy instrument which will help reduce the carbon emissions that cause global warming. In 1993, former Commission President, Jacques Delors, proposed tax reform which exchanged income taxes for environmental taxes, to exploit the double dividend that can arise. While the first dividend, that of an improved environment, would be of a more long-term nature, there would also be a more immediate, second dividend consisting of increased employment when income taxes are lowered. Harvard-economist Michael Porter further argued that technological innovation and competitiveness would be strengthened as a result of an incentive-based environmental policy. Time is now ripe for an ex-post assessment of experiences with such policies attained during the past decade.

    COMETR aims:    

COMETR partners at European Commission's Tax Forum in Brussels 19-20 March 2007 See slides >>

Archived news items >>

  • to outline and clarify the competitiveness debate
  • to review the experience in environmental tax reforms in EU member states, with particular emphasis on carbon-energy taxation
  • to analyse world-market conditions for a set of energy-intensive sectors or subsectors, as a framework for considering competitiveness effects
  • to undertake bottom-up modelling of the effects of environmental tax reforms on sector-specific energy usage and carbon emissions in member states with carbon-energy taxes introduced on industry (Denmark, Finland, Germany, Netherlands, Slovenia, Sweden and UK)
  • to undertake a macro-economic analysis of the competitiveness effects of green tax reforms for individual member states as well as for the EU as a whole on basis of the E3ME-model of Cambridge Econometrics (link to E3ME manual >>)
  • to provide ex-post figures for environmental decoupling and assess carbon leakage on basis of a comprehensive analysis, taking changes in import-export ratios into account
  • to review mitigation experiences and provide policy advice on possible strategies to improve efficient mitigation measures

New book on environmental taxation by Danish political scientist read more >>

Source: NASA

The E3ME model
a short description >>
The E3ME Manual >>

© National Environmental Research Institute, University of Aarhus

Scientific coordinator: Mikael Skou Andersen, NERI, University of Aarhus
Adminstrative coordinator: Carey Smith, NERI, University of Aarhus


Page last updated: 26th March 2007 

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